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Utilities Sector

Utilities Sector Rating: Underperform

Utilities sector overview

A growing U.S. economy could create a headwind for the utilities sector, the potential for rising inflation could lead to higher interest rates, reducing the attractiveness of dividend-paying utilities companies.

Market outlook for the utilities sector

The utility sector received a boost recently as investors moved into defensive sectors as concerns over global growth were exacerbated by the ramping up of trade rhetoric. We believe that this is a temporary phenomenon and that lagging performance will re-emerge as rising inflationary pressures should push fixed income yields higher again, lessening the attractiveness of the utilities sector, causing the sector’s prospects to again dim. We have warned against using equity dividends as a proxy for bond yield income, as the risk characteristics are much different. We believe investors should refrain from rushing into the utilities sector, as we could see a repeat of the sharp reversals we’ve seen recently.

We think U.S. economic data will continue to show improvement, prompting investors to move into more cyclical areas of the market, away from the traditionally defensive utilities sector. Inflation readings have perked up, with the Consumer Price Index moving up to a 2.8% year-over-year rise, not extreme, certainly, but the trend is higher, while wages also are moving higher, with the Labor Department’s average hourly earnings number posting a 2.6% year-over-year gain. The result has been fixed income rates moving higher, a trend we believe will generally continue, leading to a movement away from utilities.

There are some additional positives for the sector as some of the fundamentals in the utilities sector have perked up, with BCA Research reporting that electricity production is rising, while their valuation indicator has corrected out of overvalued territory. These positives don’t overcome the negatives in our minds, as valuations haven’t gotten to undervalued levels and positive global PMIs, such as we’ve seen, have historically tended to lead to utilities sector underperformance.

The recent spike in volatility may have encouraged investors to seek the perceived safety of the utilities sector, but we didn’t and don’t believe that’s the right move. A growing economy and rising interest rates don’t make for a good combination for utilities performance in our mind and we believe underperformance will likely continue.

Factors that may affect the utilities sector

Positive factors for the utilities sector include:

  • Improvement in housing: An improving housing market could lead to higher electricity demand in developing areas, and we're seeing signs that may be occurring as electricity production is growing again.
  • Attractive dividends: Dividend-paying stocks could remain attractive compared to relatively low yields on conservative fixed-income products. And should economic prospects decline, defensive, dividend-paying stocks could become even more attractive.

Negative factors for the utilities sector include:

  • High fixed costs: Capacity growth has been rising, which has been a sign of underperformance for the sector in the past.
  • Accelerating economic growth: This would likely make the defensive utilities sector less attractive.
  • Rising interest rates: This would make the dividend-paying utilities sector less competitive with fixed income investments. Additionally, relatively high debt ratios in the sector could be problematic.

Clients can see our top-rated stocks in the utilities sector.

Want to learn more about a specific sector?  Click on a link below for more information or visit Schwab Sector Views to see how they compare.

Consumer discretionary Consumer staples Energy
Financials Health care Industrials
Information technology Materials Real estate
Telecom Utilities

What You Can Do Next

Consumer Staples Sector Rating: Marketperform
Information Technology Sector Rating: Outperform

Important Disclosures

Schwab Sector Views do not represent a personalized recommendation of a particular investment strategy to you. You should not buy or sell an investment without first considering whether it is appropriate for you and your portfolio. Additionally, you should review and consider any recent market news.

All expressions of opinion are subject to change without notice in reaction to shifting market conditions. Data contained herein from third-party providers is obtained from what are considered reliable sources. However, its accuracy, completeness or reliability cannot be guaranteed.

Diversification strategies do not ensure a profit and do not protect against losses in declining markets.

Indexes are unmanaged, do not incur management fees, costs and expenses, and cannot be invested in directly. Past performance is no guarantee of future results.

The S&P 500 Index is a market-capitalization-weighted index comprising 500 widely traded stocks chosen for market size, liquidity and industry group representation.

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is an index that measures the weighted average of prices of a basket of consumer goods and services, weighted according to their importance.

Markit Manufacturing Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) is an indicator of the economic health of the manufacturing sector. The PMI index includes the major indicators of: new orders, inventory levels, production, supplier deliveries and the employment environment.

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