Consumer staples sector overview
Consumer staples companies, typically viewed as a safe haven during periods of market volatility or economic downturn, have benefited from the recent increase in volatility in the overall market. Staples companies also likely have benefited in recent years from effective cost-cutting and increased trade concerns lately. On the other hand, good global economic growth, especially in the U.S., could dampen investor enthusiasm for the staples sector.
Market outlook for the consumer staples sector
The consumer staples sector has performed better recently, outperforming the overall market over the past few months, as increased market volatility prompted at least partially by ramped-up trade concerns and worries over the status of the global growth outlook appear to have helped the defensive sector’s performance. However, the economic outlook for the U.S. continues to be for decent growth, with forward-looking indicators such as jobless claims continuing to look positive, remaining near historically low levels. We will be watching global growth indicators closely in the coming months, and there are some indicators in the U.S., such as the Citigroup Economic Surprise Index moving into negative territory, that are showing a potential downshift in the growth rate, which could make the staples group more attractive.
Also, when market volatility picks up as it has recently, the consumer staples sector is often viewed as a port in the storm, but once the market calms again, the consumer staples sector can struggle. Temporary increases in domestic political and geopolitical tensions could continue to help support the group for short periods going forward. Additionally, given continued uncertainty over the pace at which the Federal Reserve will raise short-term interest rates heading into 2019, having a market-weight position in the staples sector continues to seem prudent to us in order to provide some stability to an investment portfolio, with our eye toward a potential bump up in the rating should concerns grow and the growth outlook deteriorate.
Factors that may affect the consumer staples sector
Positive factors include:
- Aggressive cost-cutting: Retailers have aggressively cut costs and are attempting to create more perceived value for consumers, which could support sales.
- Increase in merger and acquisition activity: With competition fierce, we could see an increase in M&A action, which would help to reduce capacity and potentially provide economies of scale.
- Increased geopolitical and domestic political anxiety: As geopolitical and domestic political tensions rise, investors typically become a bit more nervous, and may seek short-term shelter in the staples sector.
- Lower energy prices: The recent fall in oil prices could result in less money being spent on energy costs and more available for other spending.
Negative factors for the consumer staples sector include:
- Increased competition: Competition continues to accelerate due to the growth of low-cost emerging market production. This could shrink pricing power in the sector by compressing margins and squeezing earnings.
- Trade disputes: If trade conflicts continue to escalate, costs could rise for American producers and increase prices for consumers.
Clients can see our top-rated stocks in the consumer staples sector.
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