The Information Technology sector includes software and IT services; technology, hardware, and equipment (communications equipment, technology hardware, storage and peripherals, and electronic equipment, instruments and components), and semiconductors and semiconductor equipment.
Information technology is a highly concentrated sector, with just a handful of companies representing more than 50% of the sector's weight, including the two behemoths Apple and Microsoft. The impact of stay-at-home behavior during the COVID-19 pandemic and increased consumer demand for personal computers, gaming hardware, software, personal devices may slow as the positive impact from fiscal stimulus fades. And the ongoing supply chain issues continues to be a problem for sourcing semiconductors and resulting in high order backlogs for business and consumer electronics.
Business investment in information processing, software, and industrial equipment in the U.S. has increased significantly. The Technology sector continues to play a pivotal role in advances in robotics and automation, the transformation toward big data and cloud computing, the software and artificial intelligence that make it work, and smartphones, tablets, and network interfaces to enable us to use it. In the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic, higher wages, labor shortages and input inflation has resulted in an acceleration in investment in productivity- and labor-enhancing technologies. Counterbalancing the strong fundamentals, investor optimism about future growth potential has pushed many valuation measures to well above their historical averages, and higher interest rates may weigh on investors' perceived value of future earnings—though there is little evidence of a direct relationship between Technology relative performance and interest rates. There are rising legislative and antitrust risks for some of the largest companies in the sector.
The Russian invasion of Ukraine in late February, and the ongoing political response, has clouded our outlook on equity sectors. Due to the unprecedented and volatile series of events, the economic and market landscape has become highly uncertain.
Until there is more clarity on how the sharp rise in commodity prices, tightening of financial conditions, and likely Federal Reserve interest rate hikes might impact the economy and underlying fundamentals that drive relative sector performance, we think it's prudent to maintain sector allocations that are in line with the overall market.
Positives for the sector:
- Fifth-generation (5G) cellular network rollout and onshoring trends are themes that support fundamentals
- Generally strong balance sheets and earnings growth potential, with low funding costs
- Financial services technology and surging online retail sales are supporting cloud computing infrastructure and software
- Long-term growth tailwinds are likely as businesses enhance productivity with tech investment
- Capital expenditures have an improving outlook—particularly with the prospects of higher technology infrastructure spending
Negatives for the sector:
- Valuations are very stretched relative to the historical average, making expectedly higher interest rates a headwind due to investor perception
- Semiconductors are in short supply amid very low inventories and strong demand—though the chip industry is seeing strong revenue growth
- The sector is highly concentrated in a few stocks
Risks for the sector:
- Potential antitrust lawsuits in the U.S. and Europe
What do the ratings mean?
- Communication Services
- Consumer Discretionary
- Consumer Staples
- Health Care
- Real Estate
The sectors we analyze are from the widely recognized Global Industry Classification Standard (GICS®) groupings. After a review of risks and opportunities, we give each stock sector one of the following ratings:
- Outperform: likely to perform better than the broader stock market*
- Underperform: likely to perform worse than the broader stock market*
- Neutral: no current view on likely relative performance
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* As represented by the S&P 500 index.